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Fennel-Steamed Salmon with Warm Olive and Caper Vinaigrette

4 Servings

30 minutes

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Salmon isn’t a Mediterranean fish, but in this riff on a recipe from “Patricia Wells at Home in Provence,” high-impact Provençal ingredients are an ideal match for the rich, meaty fillets. We steam the fish atop a bed of sliced fennel to add sweet, licorice-like perfume; after cooking, the tender-crisp slices make a delicious accompaniment. The sharp flavors of the warm olive, caper and lemon vinaigrette complement both fish and fennel. We prefer salmon cooked to medium doneness—that is, until only the center is translucent. For well-done fillets, steam the fish for a couple minutes longer than indicated. If you prefer white fish over salmon, thick fillets of striped bass or sea bass work well, but increase the steaming time to about 10 minutes. No matter the type of fish you choose, try to select fillets of equal thickness so they cook at the same rate.




Don’t uncover the pot while the fish is steaming, as loss of steam will slow the cooking. Instead, simply set a timer. And when opening the pot, angle the lid away from you to avoid a burst of steam to the face.

30 minutes


  • 2

    small fennel bulbs (about 1 pound total), halved, cored and thinly sliced (about 4 cups)

  • 1

    teaspoon grated lemon zest, plus ¼ cup lemon juice


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Kristine W.
August 26, 2022
Fantastic flavor and so easy
This was such a great way to cook salmon--it was so juicy and the olive caper lemon sauce was the perfect foil to its richness. And fennel is always a favorite flavor.
Kristine W.
December 8, 2022
Wonderful and easy.
A delicious way to cook salmon. Manages to be light but still very flavorful.